Home  WHAT TO SEE  Marina Ybarra – Route around the neighbourhood of Andra Mari de Getxo

Marina Ybarra

Photograph on loan from Getxoko Liburutegiak – Getxo Municipal Libraries.

The Marina Ybarra route is a journey back to Getxo’s origins. This neighbourhood, Santa María de Getxo (Andra Mari), gives the town its name, and according to the earliest remains found, it is here that its history began in the 12th century.

Long forgotten are those images in which the church stood alone in a vast landscape punctuated by solitary farmhouses, now replaced by residential areas.

Yet what was life like for the farmers, the baserritarrak, in Andra Mari, and what key role did women play in the daily chores in the farmhouse, the caserío? We will be finding out as we walk through the streets where these farmhouses once stood, and when we look at the belfry on the church of Andra Mari, whose façade bears the names of the neighbourhood’s caseríos.

On your way, you will see how its lanes, woodland areas, traditional Basque sports, historical buildings...help to preserve the neighbourhood’s original atmosphere.

MARINA YBARRA (¿?- 1680)

Marina Ybarra was a baserritarra (which in Basque means a farmer) who lived in Andra Mari in the mid-17th century. Like so many other women at that time, she lived in a society in which husbands wielded authority over their wives to a greater or lesser extent. In those days, women dedicated their lives to housework, working the land, bringing up their children, and caring for the elderly.

Marina Ybarra’s work, like that of so many women in those generations, was invisible yet essential. Nonetheless, her name appears in the annals of history for a circumstance that is just as sad as it is courageous: she was the first woman in Getxo to report her husband for domestic abuse.

Marina Ybarra married on 17 December 1663, making the accusation a year later. She died on 7 June 1680, after spending her whole life working these lands.

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